Tourmaline comes in many colors such as blue, black, yellow, pink, red, green and clear. Tourmaline is a semi-precious stone that comes in a wide variety of colors. Great quantities of brightly colored Sri Lankan gem tourmalines were brought to Europe by the Dutch East India Company. The most common species of tourmaline is schorl. Gem and specimen tourmalines are mined chiefly in Brazil and Africa. Placer material suitable for gem use is found in Sri Lanka. In addition to Brazil, tourmaline is mined in Tanzania, Nigeria, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, Malawi, Maine and California.